What are the dermatology subspecialties?

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As is true for most medical disciplines, there are several subspecialties within dermatology:

Cosmetic dermatology
This aspect of dermatology which focuses on the patient’s appearance is sometimes defined as the one which emphasizes ‘looking good.’ Cosmetic dermatologists are trained in the use of fillers, botox, and laser surgery. Their practice is generally limited to minimally invasive procedures such as facelifts, surgery to diminish scars, liposuction, and blepharoplasty (surgical repair or reconstruction of an eyelid).

A dermatopathologist is a pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the science of the causes and effects of diseases of the skin. A dermatopathology fellowship includes six months of general pathology and six months of dermatopathology.

The focus of immunodermatology is the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders distinguished by defective responses of the body’s immune system. In other words, the goal of an immunodermatologist is to understand how the body’s immune system works with the skin. Because the skin is the most exterior part of the body it is constantly assaulted by chemicals, micro-organisms, and other foreign materials. The Immunodermatology Laboratory is dedicated to understanding how the immune system in the skin protects us.

Mohs surgery
Developed in 1938 by general surgeon Frederic E. Mohs and also known as Mohs micrographic surgery, Mohs surgery is an extremely precise procedure which involves the progressive removal of layers of cancerous skin until only cancer-free tissue remains.

Pediatric dermatology
Dermatologists qualify for this specialization by completing dual residencies in pediatrics and dermatology or by completing a post-residency fellowship. This specialization focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases affecting infants, children, and adolescents. In pediatric dermatology particular attention is paid to the specific physiological and developmental issues of the pediatric population. Among these issues are acne, birthmarks, warts, and genetic skin diseases.

In the field of teledermatology, audio, visual, and data telecommunication technologies are used to exchange medical information. This allows non-dermatologists to obtain evaluations by off-site dermatologists. The subspecialty provides for the viewing of skin conditions over large distances and establishes second opinion networks for patients with chronic skin conditions.

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