What types of computer programmers are there?

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The products we use everyday, such as our computer, our smartphone, and our car, wouldn't be able to do what we ask them to do if it weren't for computer programmers. Computer programming is a very detail-oriented profession. Therefore, programmers are required to focus on code for long periods of time without losing focus or losing track of their progress. Often small but critical code issues can have a big impact technically, and can prevent a program from operating correctly. Persistence and the ability to detect and rectify small discrepancies as quickly as possible is essential in order to solve issues.

Computer programmers talking about their project.

There are four main categories of computer programmers. The following describes what the differences are between them and their roles:

Computer Hardware Programmer
Computers have their own machine language that they are able to understand and take instructions from. Computer hardware programmers write these instructions in a specific machine language (code) so that a computer knows what to do when someone presses the power button, types on the keyboard, or uses the mouse. They also write code so that text can be displayed when the computer turns on. Computer programs (a collection of instructions) are put in permanent memory storage so that as soon as someone turns on their computer, programmed information is displayed that prompts the user to choose what the computer does next.

Computer hardware programmers are also involved in researching, designing, developing, and testing computer equipment.

Various Job Tasks For Computer Hardware Programmers
Write detailed functional specifications for the hardware development process
Build, test, and modify product prototypes using models
Design, analyze and test performance of electrical, electronic, and computer equipment
Evaluate interface between hardware and software
Evaluate operational and performance requirements
Prepare designs, determine specifications and determine operational plans
Design and develop computer hardware (CPU's, support logic, microprocessors, circuits, printers and disk drives)
Monitor functioning and make necessary modifications
Monitor processes for compliance with standards
Recommend technical design or process changes to improve performance
Store, retrieve, and manipulate data for analysis
Analyze user needs and recommend appropriate hardware

Careers Related To Computer Hardware Programmer
Automation Engineer
Computer Architect
Computer Engineer
Computer Hardware Designer
Computer Hardware Developer
Computer Installation Engineer
Electronics Engineer
Field Service Engineer
Hardware Design Engineer
Hardware Engineer
Information Technology Consultant (IT Consultant)
Network Engineer
Systems Engineer
Systems Integration Engineer
Telecommunications Engineer

Web Developer
Computer programmers that design, create, and modify the millions of websites found on the Internet are called web developers. These types of computer programmers use software that allow them the ability to dictate what kinds of functions people are able to do when they access a website.

Web developers start by analyzing a user's needs before designing and structuring a website. They also add applicable graphics, audio, and video components if needed (often using software designed specifically to enable the creation of Web and multimedia content). Even a simple blog needs a web developer that can design the structure, function and the information that an audience can see.

Not only are web developers responsible for the look of a website, but they are also responsible for its performance, capacity, and sometimes content creation as well. Common programming languages for websites include HyperText Markup Language, JavaScript, Drupal, WordPress, and Joomla. These languages can be customized based on the website owner’s needs.

Careers Related To Web Developer
Front End Web Developer
Internet Architect
PHP Web Developer
Usability Specialist
User Experience Designer
User Interface Developer
Web Applications Developer
Web Architect
Web Page Developer
Web Programmer
Website Developer
Website Specialist
Web Specialist
Webmaster

Various Job Tasks For Web Developers
Analyze user needs
Select programming languages, design tools, or applications
Create web models or prototypes
Write computer programming code
Design, build, edit, or maintain websites
Use software, content creation tools, management tools, and digital media
Develop and document style guidelines for website content
Perform or direct website updates
Register websites with search engines
Prioritize needs, resolve tech issues, and develop content criteria
Back up files to local directories to prevent loss of information
Resolve software problems and troubleshoot issues
Ensure code is valid and meets industry standards
Ensure code is compatible with browsers, devices, or operating systems
Update knowledge of current Web technologies and practices
Develop test schedule to test performance
Create and develop databases that support Web applications and websites
Develop and integrate e-commerce strategies and marketing strategies
Provide technical support for computer network issues
Design and implement firewalls or message encryption
Develop website maps, application models, image templates, or page templates
Prepare graphics or other visual representations of information
Manage links to and from other websites
Document server load, bandwidth, database performance, and browser and device types

Software Developer
Software developers are computer programmers that focus on designing and managing programming functions. A function is a section of organized, reusable code that is used to perform an action (functions can also be called methods, sub-routines, and procedures).

It is possible for software developers to build entire software applications with only functions. These functions, for example, can enable a person to open their tax file, edit their tax documents, and then save or print them. Each type of program is designed differently and has instructions and specific tasks relevant to the company it services. So trying to edit photos in your bank software won't work because the software developer's design didn't included any instructions for your bank program to edit photos. Software developers also develop, design, create, and modify programs that run the operating systems for computers, networks and even smartphones. In a nutshell, a software developer's goal is to optimize operational efficiency by designing customized software.

Careers Related To Software Developer
Database Designer
Database Developer
Game Developer
Video Game Engineer
Information Architect
Information Systems Analyst
Information Technology Analyst (IT Analyst)
Information Technology Consultant (IT Consultant)
Interface Designer
Software Analyst
Software Applications Architect
Software Applications Designer
Software Applications Developer
Software Applications Engineer
Software Applications Specialist
Software Computer Specialist
Software Design Engineer
Software Designer
Software Development Engineer
Software Systems Engineer
Systems Analyst Programmer
Usability Engineer
User Interface Designer
Software Application Programmer

Various Job Tasks For Software Developers
Consult with customers about software system design
Review current systems
Design software applications
Analyze project data to determine specifications or requirements
Determine system performance standards
Modify existing software to correct errors or to improve its performance
Present ideas for system improvements, including cost proposals
Work closely with analysts, engineers, programmers, designers and staff
Develop and direct software system testing and validation procedures
Produce detailed specifications and write the program codes
Test the product in controlled, real situations before going live
Prepare training manuals for users
Maintain the systems once they are up and running
Analyze user needs and software requirements
Supervise the work of programmers, technologists and technicians

Database Developers
A database (an organized collection of data) collects, arranges, sorts and retrieves related pieces of information. It runs behind the scenes of user software and websites, and is generally stored and accessed electronically from a computer system.

Database developers (or database programmers) are the people who are responsible for creating and implementing computer databases. These types of computer programmers will analyze the data needs of a company and then produce an effective database system to meet those needs. They will also test database programs for efficiency and performance and troubleshoot and correct any problems that come up. Governments, banks, car dealerships, ecommerce businesses (think Amazon), all need specialized business systems and rely on their databases and the database developers who customize and revise them.

Careers Related to Database Developer
Database Administrator (DBA)
Network Administrator
Data Architect
Database Design Analyst
Database Analyst
Database Coordinator
Database Design Analyst
Database Designer
Database Engineer
Database Management System Specialist (DBMS Specialist)
Database Manager
Database Modeler
Database Programmer

Various Job Tasks For Database Developers
Design and development database programs
Create databases to store electronic data
Work as part of a project team to coordinate database development
Develop data model describing data elements and how they are used
Analyze existing databases and data needs of clients to develop effective systems
Use specific programming languages and codes
Follow implementation processes for new databases
Troubleshoot and provide solutions for any bugs in new database applications
Keep up with new and emerging technologies
Use SQL skills
Test programs or databases and make necessary modifications
Update computer database information

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Computer Programmer

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A computer programmer, or coder, is someone who writes computer software.