Bachelor's Degree - Everything You Need To Know

A comprehensive introduction to what a bachelor's degree is, and if it's right for you.

~ 12 minute read

Pursuing a university education is a big step and can open many doors for you both professionally and personally. It’s a great opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in your field of interest and prepare yourself for a rewarding career.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2020, approximately 33% of adults over the age of 25 in the United States had earned a bachelor’s degree or higher. This percentage has been steadily increasing over time and is expected to continue to do so.

What exactly is a bachelor's degree?

A bachelor’s degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a four-year program of study. It is the most common type of degree earned by students in the United States and many other countries.The most common bachelor’s degrees are the Bachelor of Arts (BA) and the Bachelor of Science (BS).

A bachelor’s degree is designed to provide students with a broad education in a particular field of study, such as business, engineering, liberal arts, or sciences. The curriculum for a bachelor’s degree program typically includes a combination of general education courses, elective courses, and courses in the student’s major field of study.

Upon completion of a bachelor’s degree program, students are typically awarded a diploma and a transcript, which is a record of the courses they have taken and the grades they have earned. A bachelor’s degree is often seen as the minimum requirement for many professional careers and is a prerequisite for many advanced degree programs.

Difference between a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and a Bachelor of Science (BS)

The main difference between a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree lies in the focus of the coursework.

A Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree typically emphasizes the liberal arts and humanities, and includes courses in subjects such as history, literature, foreign languages, philosophy, and the arts. In a BA program, students take a broad range of courses that aim to provide a well-rounded education and develop critical thinking and communication skills.

On the other hand, a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree is more focused on mathematics, natural sciences, and technical subjects. BS programs typically have a heavier emphasis on science and engineering courses and lab work, and often lead to careers in scientific, technical, and professional fields. BS programs also aim to develop strong analytical and problem-solving skills.

It is worth noting that the distinction between the two degrees can vary from institution to institution and from country to country, and there is often overlap between the subjects studied in a BA and BS program. In some institutions, students may have the option to combine a BA and BS program in a dual degree program.

How long does it take to complete a bachelor's degree?

The length of time it takes to complete a bachelor’s degree can vary depending on several factors, including the type of program, the number of credit hours required, and the pace at which you complete your coursework.

Typically, a full-time student can obtain a bachelor’s degree in four years, assuming they are taking a standard course load of 15 credit hours per semester. However, many students choose to study part-time or take a break from their studies, which can extend the time it takes to obtain a bachelor’s degree.

Some programs, such as accelerated bachelor’s degree programs, can be completed in as little as two years. On the other hand, some programs, such as certain majors in the arts or sciences, may require more than four years to complete.

It’s important to keep in mind that the length of time it takes to obtain a bachelor’s degree can also depend on individual circumstances, such as work or family obligations. Some students may need to take a break from their studies, while others may choose to study at a slower pace to accommodate their other responsibilities.

What financial options are there to help pay for a bachelor's degree?

There are several financial options available to help pay for a bachelor’s degree, including:

  • Scholarships: Scholarships are monetary awards that do not have to be repaid. They can be based on merit, need, or a combination of both. Some scholarships are offered by the college or university, while others are provided by private organizations, corporations, or foundations.
  • Grants: Grants are similar to scholarships, in that they do not have to be repaid. However, grants are typically based on financial need and are awarded by the government or private organizations.
  • Student Loans: Student loans are borrowed funds that must be repaid with interest. There are federal student loans and private student loans available. Federal student loans typically have lower interest rates and more favorable repayment terms than private student loans.
  • Work-Study: The Federal Work-Study program provides part-time employment to students to help pay for college expenses. Work-study jobs are typically on campus and are related to the student’s field of study.
  • Savings: You can save money for college expenses by setting aside a portion of your income or through a college savings plan, such as a 529 plan.
  • Family Contributions: Some families choose to contribute to their children’s college expenses through savings or by taking out loans.

It’s important to carefully consider the costs of obtaining a bachelor’s degree and to research all available financial options to help make college affordable. You may want to consult with a financial advisor or a financial aid office to determine the best financial plan for you.

How to know if getting a bachelor's degree is right for you

Deciding whether to pursue a bachelor’s degree is a personal decision that requires careful consideration. The decision should be based on your own individual goals, aspirations, core values, and circumstances. A degree may be the right choice for some people, but not for others. Here are some factors to help you determine if getting a bachelor’s degree is the right choice for you:

  • Career Goals: If you have specific career goals that require a bachelor’s degree, then it’s probably the right choice for you. Some careers such as medicine, law, or engineering, require a bachelor’s degree. On the other hand, if you are looking for a career that values hands-on experience and practical skills, then a university degree may not be as important.
  • Personal Interests: If you have a passion for a subject and enjoy learning, then a bachelor’s degree in that field can be a great fit. Pursuing a degree in a field that interests you can lead to a fulfilling and successful career.
  • Financial Considerations: Consider the cost of obtaining a bachelor’s degree, including tuition, fees, and other expenses. You may want to weigh the potential long-term financial benefits of a bachelor’s degree against the short-term costs.
  • Job Market: Research the job market in your desired field to see if a bachelor’s degree is necessary and if there are enough job opportunities available.
  • Time Commitment: A bachelor’s degree typically takes four years to complete, although some programs may take longer. Consider if you have the time and resources to dedicate to obtaining a bachelor’s degree.

Preparing for a bachelor's degree

The ideal time to start preparing for a bachelor’s degree depends on the individual’s circumstances and goals. However, here are some general guidelines that can be helpful:

  • High School Students: If you are still in high school, you can start preparing for a bachelor’s degree by taking challenging courses in subjects like math, science, and English. This will help you build a strong foundation for your college studies.
  • Transfer Students: If you have already completed some college courses, you can start preparing for a bachelor’s degree by assessing your previous credits and determining which classes you still need to complete.
  • Career Changers: If you are considering a career change, you can start preparing for a bachelor’s degree by researching colleges and universities that offer programs in your desired field.

Regardless of your current situation, it is always a good idea to start preparing for a bachelor’s degree as early as possible. This will give you ample time to research schools, study for standardized tests, and complete any prerequisite courses. Additionally, starting early can also help you build a strong GPA, which is a key factor in college admissions.

Choosing the right bachelor's degree program

Choosing a bachelor’s degree program can be a challenging decision, but it’s also an exciting opportunity to pursue your passions and build a successful career. Here are some steps that you can take to help you determine the best degree for you:

  • Identify your interests and passions: Think about what subjects you enjoy learning about and what topics you are naturally drawn to. Consider your hobbies, extracurricular activities, and volunteer experiences to get an idea of what you might want to study in college.
  • Research careers in your field of interest: Look into the types of jobs that are available in your area of interest and what kinds of degrees are required for those careers. Make sure to consider salary, job growth, and job satisfaction.
  • Consider your skills and strengths: What are you good at? What comes naturally to you? Consider choosing a degree that aligns with your skills, strengths, and core values.
  • Talk to professionals in your field of interest: Connect with professionals in the field you are considering and ask them for an informational interview. You can learn about their experiences and what they wish they had known before pursuing their careers.
  • Get advice from guidance counselors: Guidance counselors can offer valuable insights and guidance on choosing a degree. They can provide you with information on the best programs and schools for your chosen field, as well as answer any questions you have.
  • Try out a class or two in your area of interest: Take a course in your field of interest to see if it’s something you would enjoy studying full-time.

Remember, choosing a bachelor’s degree is a big decision, and it’s important to take the time to research your options and make an informed choice.

I've decided that I want to pursue a bachelor's degree. How do I apply?

The process for applying for a bachelor’s degree program typically involves the following steps:

  • Research potential colleges or universities: Look for schools that offer the degree program you’re interested in and compare the admission requirements, tuition fees, and other costs.
  • Review admission requirements: Make sure you meet the admission criteria, such as minimum GPA, standardized test scores, and language proficiency.
  • Submit an application: Most schools have an online application system where you can submit your personal information, academic history, test scores, and any other required materials.
  • Provide transcripts and test scores: You may need to request official transcripts from all previously attended colleges or universities and send standardized test scores such as the SAT or ACT.
  • Write an admission essay: Some schools may require you to write an essay explaining why you want to pursue a bachelor’s degree and how the program will help you reach your future goals.
  • Submit letters of recommendation: Some schools may require letters of recommendation from teachers, counselors, or other individuals who can attest to your academic and personal abilities.
  • Attend an interview (optional): Some schools may offer an optional interview as part of the admission process.
  • Wait for a decision: After submitting your application, you’ll need to wait for the college or university to make a decision. They will typically notify you of their decision via email or regular mail.

Keep in mind that the specific application requirements may vary depending on the school you’re applying to, so it’s important to check their website or contact the admission office for more information.

Is a bachelor's degree enough education?

There are a few factors that you can consider to determine if you need more than a bachelor’s degree:

  • Career goals: If you have specific career goals that require advanced knowledge or skills in your field, a higher degree may be necessary. For example, many careers in medicine, law, academia, or research require a master’s degree or a doctorate.
  • Job market: The job market can also be a factor in determining if you need a higher degree. In some fields, a bachelor’s degree may not be enough to be competitive in the job market, and a master’s degree or higher may be preferred or required.
  • Advancement opportunities: If you want to advance in your career and take on leadership roles, a higher degree may help you stand out and increase your chances of advancement.
  • Personal growth: Obtaining a higher degree can also be a way to gain a deeper understanding of your field and to continue your personal growth and development.


At the end of the day, the decision of whether or not to obtain a bachelor’s degree is a personal one that depends on your individual goals, circumstances, and priorities. We will leave you with some pros and cons to consider:

Pros of obtaining a bachelor’s degree:

  • A bachelor’s degree can increase your earning potential and open up more job opportunities
  • It can demonstrate to employers and peers your dedication, work ethic, and ability to complete a rigorous academic program
  • It provides a solid foundation of knowledge and skills in your field
  • Pursuing a bachelor’s degree can also help you grow personally and intellectually

Cons of obtaining a bachelor’s degree:

  • The cost of obtaining a bachelor’s degree can be high, including tuition, textbooks, and other expenses
  • The time commitment to obtain a bachelor’s degree can be substantial and may delay entry into the workforce
  • Some people may prefer to start working and gaining practical experience rather than continuing their education

Ultimately, the decision to obtain a bachelor’s degree should be based on your career goals, financial situation, personal interests, and other factors that are important to you.

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