Is becoming a cryptographer right for me?
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How to become a Cryptographer
Cryptography is built on computer science, engineering, and applied mathematics. Therefore, employers will be looking for a Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Mathematics, or a related discipline.
A master's degree is strongly suggested unless the bachelor's degree is a double major in mathematics and computer science. To expand job opportunities, one could also consider a Doctorate in Mathematics or Computer Science with a focus on cryptography.
Unlike more established fields, cryptography is relatively new to the world of security accreditation. EC-Council has developed one certification that specifically deals with encryption: CES: Certified Encryption Specialist.