Learn about the types of people who become mathematicians. This page goes into detail about the employment, gender, and ethnic ratios of the workplace.


Employment Type Mix, 2024

61% of mathematicians work in full-time roles while 39% work part-time.


Gender Mix By Career Interest, 2024

This graph shows the distribution of females and males that are interested in becoming a mathematician. Four or five star ratings on CareerExplorer indicate interest.

More men than women are interested in becoming mathematicians at a ratio of 2.46 to 1.


Actual Gender Mix, 2024

41% of mathematicians are female and 59% are male.


Gender Bias, 2024

This is one of the most compelling statistics we collect. Gender bias shows the difference between gender interest in being a mathematician and the actual gender mix of people in the career.

If there is a significant difference, then it means there is a gender imbalance between those interested in becoming a mathematician and those who end up becoming one.

In this case there are more men interested in becoming a mathematician than those actually working as one. It is hard to pinpoint the exact reasons why, but there are likely various forces at play, from changing interests over time to societal norms and biases.


Ethnic Mix, 2019

The largest ethnic group of mathematicians are White, making up 46% of the population. The next highest segments are South Asian and East Asian, making up 13% and 12% respectively.