Learn about the types of people who become oncologists. This page goes into detail about the employment, gender, and ethnic ratios of the workplace.


Gender Mix By Career Interest, 2024

This graph shows the distribution of females and males that are interested in becoming an oncologist. Four or five star ratings on CareerExplorer indicate interest.

More women than men are interested in becoming oncologists at a ratio of 1.08 to 1.


Actual Gender Mix, 2024

68% of oncologists are female and 32% are male.


Gender Bias, 2024

This is one of the most compelling statistics we collect. Gender bias shows the difference between gender interest in being an oncologist and the actual gender mix of people in the career.

If there is a significant difference, then it means there is a gender imbalance between those interested in becoming an oncologist and those who end up becoming one.

In this case there are more men interested in becoming an oncologist than those actually working as one. It is hard to pinpoint the exact reasons why, but there are likely various forces at play, from changing interests over time to societal norms and biases.


Ethnic Mix, 2019

The largest ethnic group of oncologists are White, making up 35% of the population. The next highest segments are Other and Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish, making up 17% and 17% respectively.