Career Attributes

  • $117,287
  • 312,500
  • 2.7
  • 5.6%
  • Master's degree
  • Pharmacology
More Attributes


If you’re a detail oriented person, love science and medicine, and want a challenging career where you can help others, becoming a pharmacist may be the perfect career match for you. Personal attributes that are useful for being a pharmacist are typical for those working in any area of health and nutrition. These include a caring personality and the genuine desire to help people in need. Other attributes useful for a career in pharmacy would be the ability to take on a lot of responsibility, work under pressure, have great organizational skills and people skills.

Pharmacy is an evolving profession. Over the years, there has been an increase in new types of pharmacy careers that have significantly improved patient care and advanced the pharmacy profession.

The following is a list of the various pharmacy careers available:

Ambulatory Care Pharmacist
Direct patient care and management of medications for ambulatory patients; manage ambulatory clinics.
Academic Pharmacist
Conduct research, publish articles, teach and mentor tomorrow's pharmacist. Some also practice pharmacy in the community, hospital, or ambulatory settings.
Community Pharmacist
Fill prescriptions, counsel patients, resolve reimbursement issues, manage drug inventory, supervise pharmacy technicians.
Compounding Pharmacist
Compound drugs for individual prescriptions to meet patient needs. Counsel patients and collaborate with healthcare providers.
Hospice Pharmacist
Provide compassionate care to hospice patients, work with a health care team of nurses, doctors, social workers, and counselors.
Hospital Staff Pharmacist
Responsible for drug distribution in a hospital, provide clinical services, educate doctors and nurses, develop policies for drug storage and distribution, create protocols for drug administration, counsel patients.
Infectious Disease Pharmacist
Assist in the selection, monitoring, and administration of antimicrobials; evaluate antimicrobial drug use and create policies.
Long-Term Care or Consultant Pharmacist
Provide clinical pharmacy services to the geriatric population. Review drug regimens and provide recommendations to providers.
Managed Care Pharmacist
Collaborate with physicians, case managers, and caregivers to provide pharmacy services in a managed care setting.
Medication Therapy Management Pharmacist (Personal Pharmacist)
Review patient medications, monitor treatment, optimize medication use, minimize cost of drug therapy.
Nutrition Support Pharmacist
Collaborate with health care providers and patients to manage parenteral and enteral nutrition.
Nuclear Practice Pharmacist
Prepare radiopharmaceuticals and maintain quality standards.
Oncology Pharmacist
Selection, compounding, administration, and monitoring of chemotherapy agents.
Operating Suite (Surgery Unit) Pharmacist
Manage availability of medications used for surgery and post-operative care.
Pediatric Pharmacist
Provide clinical pharmacy services to pediatric patients.
Pharmacy Benefit Manager (PBM)
Manage prescription drug benefit programs; claims processing and related administrative services; and perform drug utilization reviews.
Pharmaceutical Industry Pharmacists
Usually involves educating healthcare providers, training commercial teams, developing communication tools, and research. Regulatory, sales, and marketing roles are also available.
Critical Care Pharmacist
Provide clinical pharmacy services in an acute setting, may manage a decentralized pharmacy, teach and mentor students and residents.
Drug Information Specialist
Research literature and provide responses to drug information questions.
Pharmacists in the Military
Provide pharmacy services in various branches of the military. Duties may range from dispensing to clinical practice, ambulatory care, and research. May travel to foreign countries with frequent moves.
Home Care (Home Infusion) Pharmacist
Provide home infusion and nutritional services, visit patients at home and teach them about their medications.
Poison Control Pharmacist
Provide medical information about poisoning and drug overdoses.

How long does it take to become a Pharmacist?

The avenue one chooses will determine the length of time it takes to complete a Pharm.D. (Doctor of Pharmacy). Most Pharm.D. programs take four years to complete. However, if a bachelor’s degree is completed before entering the program, it will take eight years to become a pharmacist. If one enters a program after two or three years of undergraduate study, they can start practicing sooner.

There are some Pharm.D. programs that accept students directly out of high school, and these programs typically take six years to complete.

Steps to becoming a Pharmacist

There are very specific academic requirements involved in becoming a pharmacist. Qualifications and specific training requirements vary from country to country. Generally, an undergraduate bachelor of science degree is required, followed by a postgraduate pharmacy course. In some countries (for example the UK) the courses may be linked and the full qualification MPharm (Master of Pharmacy) may be obtained after five years of studying pharmacy - four undergraduate years plus one masters year.

In other countries (for example, the USA and Australia) undergraduate studies, or an undergraduate degree in a science subject is required for entry into a postgraduate pharmacy course and then at least two years of postgraduate study are required. In the US this results in a PharmD (Doctor of Pharmacy) qualification.

After completion of the academic requirements, most countries then require newly qualified pharmacists to work a "pre-registration" year, or an internship, to gain the experience required for the job. The number of hours required varies by country, and even by state within the USA. After the work experience has been completed, there are usually more exams. These may take the form of a licensing exam, or a registration exam, depending on specific country requirements. Some countries also require that pharmacists participate in continuing professional development (CPD) programmes as they progress through their careers. This ensures that they stay up-to-date on all aspects of the job, including emerging research and new medicines.

Should I become a Pharmacist?

If you are exploring careers and are considering becoming a pharmacist, make sure you gather as much information as possible beforehand in order to make an informed and educated decision. Like any other profession, there are both positives and negatives to this career:


- There are a number of different job opportunities available in this profession. Pharmacists can work in a variety of settings, which gives individuals the flexibility to choose the setting that fits them best and is most appealing. Pharmacists can choose from settings such as retail drug stores, schools, colleges, nursing homes, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies.

- The earning potential for pharmacists can range from $81,000.00 to $135,000.00 annually. Pharmacists have the ability to earn a salary that is significantly higher than most careers, including nurses and teachers.


Education and Training
- A pharmacist must complete a high level of education and attain a doctorate degree. Clinical work training is also part of the program and can be very demanding. Some pharmacists will have over $100,000 in student loan debt when they graduate.

Job Security
- Changes have been sweeping across America’s healthcare system recently. Medicare has cut funding, which has closed hundreds of hospitals. It’s difficult to predict the future, and the job security of a pharmacist is not the same as it used to be.

Repetitive Work
This profession does involve a lot of redundancy - each day is fairly similar with many repetitive tasks. However, you can change positions throughout your career. For example, you could work a few years at a hospital pharmacy, then teach a few years at a pharmacy school, then work for a pharmaceutical company etc.

Responsibility Level
Responsibility and stress levels vary between the different niches in pharmacy. Overall, however, as a pharmacist your duty is to ensure the quality, safety, and efficacy of the medication you are dispensing for the patient, ensure that the medication is suitable for the patient’s condition, advise the patient on how to take the medicine, and answer any questions patients may have. There is also the responsibility of leadership, management, corporate mandates, teamwork, etc. People’s lives are in your hands, and living under this kind of stress on a daily basis isn’t for everybody.

What are Pharmacists like?


Based on our pool of users, Pharmacists tend to be predominately investigative people. Take our career test to see what career interest category best describes you.

Pharmacists by Strongest Interest Archetype

Based on sample of 1042 CareerExplorer users

Are Pharmacists happy?


Pharmacists rank in the 17th percentile of careers for satisfaction scores. Please note that this number is derived from the data we have collected from our Sokanu members only.

After graduating university, community pharmacy is where a large portion of the students find themselves. Recently, however, the supply of pharmacists has exceeded the demand, pay has decreased, and jobs have become a bit scarce. The bottom line is under pressure due to government cutbacks and big box pharmacies losing their discounts from major drug suppliers. Because of this, hours for technician/assistants has dropped dramatically leaving pharmacists with less technical help to keep things running. This combined with the pressure to bill more clinical services and more prescriptions results in an unhappy atmosphere for both staff and customers.

However, working in a rural area will typically be a more laid back experience where pharmacists aren’t just staff members. They are also part of a community. These pharmacists are most likely be asked to participate in non-pharmacy related committees as they are a respected professional and people look to them for advice on all matters, not just health-related ones.

Pharmacist Career Satisfaction by Dimension

Percentile among all careers

Education History of Pharmacists

The most common degree held by Pharmacists is Pharmacology. 34% of Pharmacists had a degree in Pharmacology before becoming Pharmacists. That is over 259 times the average across all careers. Biology graduates are the second most common among Pharmacists, representing 13% of Pharmacists in the CareerExplorer user base, which is 3.6 times the average.

Pharmacist Education History

This table shows which degrees people earn before becoming a Pharmacist, compared to how often those degrees are obtained by people who earn at least one post secondary degree.

Degree % of Pharmacists % of population Multiple
Pharmacology 34.3% 0.1% 258.8×
Biology 13.1% 3.7% 3.6×
Pharmaceutical Administration 9.5% 0.0% 433.5×
Chemistry 7.3% 1.1% 6.7×
Business Management And Administration 5.8% 6.6% 0.9×
Biochemical Sciences 5.1% 0.5% 9.8×
Screenwriting 4.4% 0.1% 34.9×
Microbiology 2.9% 0.2% 16.0×
Psychology 2.9% 7.1% 0.4×
Marketing And Marketing Research 2.2% 2.2% 1.0×
Human Resources 2.2% 1.0% 2.2×
Community And Public Health 2.2% 0.8% 2.6×
Public Policy 2.2% 0.4% 5.9×
Cosmetology 2.2% 1.0% 2.2×

Pharmacist Education Levels

42% of Pharmacists have a master's degree. 37% of Pharmacists have a doctorate degree.

No education 0%
High school diploma 0%
Associate's degree 0%
Bachelor's degree 21%
Master's degree 42%
Doctorate degree 37%

How to Become a Pharmacist

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Further Reading

  • How Long Does It Take To Become A Pharmacist?

    How long does it take to become a pharmacist? Students considering a career in the pharmaceutical sciences must first complete an undergraduate education lasting 2 to 4 years...

  • How To Become A Pharmacist

    When doctors and other healthcare professionals prescribe medication, pharmacists not only dispense it, but explain to their patients how to use the drugs properly.

Find your perfect career

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Recommended Books

  • Introduction to Hospital and Health-System Pharmacy Practice

    Written by leaders and experts in hospital and health-system practices and published by ASHP, the voice of the health-system pharmacy profession, Introduction to Hospital and Health-System Pharmacy Practice is required reading for students and practitioners alike. It’s a comprehensive manual for institutional pharmacy: legal and regulatory issues, medication safety, informatics, and more.

  • Letters to a Young Pharmacist: Sage Advice on Life & Career from Extraordinary Pharmacists

    In Letters to a Young Pharmacist: Sage Advice on Life & Career from Extraordinary Pharmacists, find expert advice and guidance for the choices and challenges you will face. Written by 35 leading pharmacists, these very personal letters offer sound advice and insight for seizing or creating opportunities, balancing career and family, avoiding mistakes, and overcoming setbacks.

  • Drug Information: A Guide for Pharmacists

    Drug Information: A Guide for Pharmacists, Fourth Edition teaches students and professionals how to research, interpret, evaluate, collate, and disseminate drug information in the most effective and efficient manner possible.

  • Pharmacy: What It Is and How It Works

    As the first baby boomers have reached 65, more prescriptions than ever are being dispensed, and the need for properly trained pharmacists is critical. Now in its third edition, Pharmacy: What It Is and How It Works continues to provide a comprehensive review of all aspects of pharmacy, from the various roles of pharmacists to particular health care-related events to career planning information.

  • Communication Skills in Pharmacy Practice: A Practical Guide for Students and Practitioners

    Communication Skills in Pharmacy Practice helps pharmacy and pharmacy technician students learn the principles, skills, and practices that are the foundation for clear communication and the essential development of trust with future patients.

  • Drug Information A Guide for Pharmacists

    The goal of Drug Information: A Guide for Pharmacists is to teach students and practitioners how to effectively research, interpret, evaluate, collate, and disseminate drug information in the most efficient and effective manner possible. Updated throughout, the book also addresses important issues such as the legal and ethical considerations of providing drug information.

Career Attributes

  • $117,287
  • 312,500
  • 2.7
  • 5.6%
  • Master's degree
  • Pharmacology
More Attributes