Learn about the types of people who become principals. This page goes into detail about the employment, gender, and ethnic ratios of the workplace.
Employment Type Mix, 2022
90% of principals work in full-time roles while 10% work part-time.
Gender Mix By Career Interest, 2022
This graph shows the distribution of females and males that are interested in becoming a principal. Four or five star ratings on CareerExplorer indicate interest.
More men than women are interested in becoming principals at a ratio of 1.24 to 1.
Actual Gender Mix, 2022
64% of principals are female and 36% are male.
Gender Bias, 2022
This is one of the most compelling statistics we collect. Gender bias shows the difference between gender interest in being a principal and the actual gender mix of people in the career.
If there is a significant difference, then it means there is a gender imbalance between those interested in becoming a principal and those who end up becoming one.
In this case there are more men interested in becoming a principal than those actually working as one. It is hard to pinpoint the exact reasons why, but there are likely various forces at play, from changing interests over time to societal norms and biases.
Ethnic Mix, 2019
The largest ethnic group of principals are White, making up 63% of the population. The next highest segments are Black or African American and Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish, making up 11% and 7% respectively.