Learn about the types of people who become astronomers. This page goes into detail about the employment, gender, and ethnic ratios of the workplace.


Gender Mix By Career Interest, 2023

This graph shows the distribution of females and males that are interested in becoming an astronomer. Four or five star ratings on CareerExplorer indicate interest.

More men than women are interested in becoming astronomers at a ratio of 1.88 to 1.


Actual Gender Mix, 2023

45% of astronomers are female and 55% are male.


Gender Bias, 2023

This is one of the most compelling statistics we collect. Gender bias shows the difference between gender interest in being an astronomer and the actual gender mix of people in the career.

If there is a significant difference, then it means there is a gender imbalance between those interested in becoming an astronomer and those who end up becoming one.

In this case there are more men interested in becoming an astronomer than those actually working as one. It is hard to pinpoint the exact reasons why, but there are likely various forces at play, from changing interests over time to societal norms and biases.


Ethnic Mix, 2019

The largest ethnic group of astronomers are White, making up 42% of the population. The next highest segments are South Asian and Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish, making up 17% and 16% respectively.