What is a Hand Therapist?

The recovery of hand and upper extremity injuries can be very complex and challenging.

Through advanced continuing education, clinical experience and extensive knowledge in anatomy, physiology, and kinesiology, hand therapists are experts in the treatment of upper extremity conditions resulting from disease, trauma, congenital or acquired deformity.

What does a Hand Therapist do?

A hand therapist is an occupational therapist or physical therapist who evaluates and treats injuries and conditions of the upper extremities (shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, and hand).

A hand therapist helping a patient with his arm injury).

Hand therapists work with individuals that have a variety of upper extremity disorders, such as injured tendons or nerves, fractures, scars, burns, or amputations of the finger, hands, or arms. They also treat clients who are disabled from the effects of repetitive motion disorders (such as tennis elbow and carpal tunnel syndrome). They also treat chronic problems such as arthritis or neurological conditions.

Surgeons that operate on the upper extremities have very specific procedures for their patients that need to be followed and/or adjusted. Hand therapists have specialized training specifically on the upper extremities and are skilled and capable in following a surgeon's protocols to treat pain and injuries.

They use a number of therapeutic techniques and tools to help a person return to their best level of function, such as management of pain and swelling, activity and exercise programs, custom orthotic fabrication, and wound and scar care.

Hand therapists can help individuals to eventually function normally in their daily lives by bridging the gap from medical management to a successful recovery. From simple finger injuries to complex replanted extremities, they can provide non-operative options, preventative care, and post-surgical rehabilitation.

A hand therapist provides:
- Accurate assessments
- Immediate care
- Effective treatment to reduce treatment time
- Elimination of the need for multiple medical providers
- Faster recovery results
- Faster return to work and productive lifestyle
- Decreased medical costs
- Comprehensive care for patients

The following list includes the most common conditions hand therapists treat:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Ganglion cyst
- Trigger finger
- Sprains, fractures, and dislocations
- Hand pain
- Tennis Elbow
- Golfer’s Elbow
- Trauma to the hand
- DeQuervain’s Tenosynovitis
- Dupuytren’s Contracture
- Burns
- Amputations
- Cubital tunnel syndrome
- Post stroke weakness
- Wound care

Are you suited to be a hand therapist?

Hand therapists have distinct personalities. They tend to be investigative individuals, which means they’re intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive. They are curious, methodical, rational, analytical, and logical. Some of them are also social, meaning they’re kind, generous, cooperative, patient, caring, helpful, empathetic, tactful, and friendly.

Does this sound like you? Take our free career test to find out if hand therapist is one of your top career matches.

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What is the workplace of a Hand Therapist like?

Hand therapists can work in hospitals, schools, rehabilitation centres, assisted living facilities, home health care businesses, industrial medicine facilities, privately owned therapy clinics, sports medicine facilities, and in academia.

Hand therapists can also be consultants for various corporations and workplaces, training employees in healthy work habits.

Hand Therapists are also known as:
Hand Therapy Specialist