Is becoming a nuclear engineer right for me?

The first step to choosing a career is to make sure you are actually willing to commit to pursuing the career. You don’t want to waste your time doing something you don’t want to do. If you’re new here, you should read about:

What do nuclear engineers do?
Career Satisfaction
Are nuclear engineers happy with their careers?
What are nuclear engineers like?

Still unsure if becoming a nuclear engineer is the right career path? to find out if this career is right for you. Perhaps you are well-suited to become a nuclear engineer or another similar career!

Described by our users as being “shockingly accurate”, you might discover careers you haven’t thought of before.

How to become a Nuclear Engineer

Becoming a nuclear engineer involves a combination of education, practical experience, and professional licensure. Here are the steps to pursue a career as a nuclear engineer:

  • Educational Background: Obtain a Bachelor's Degree in Nuclear Engineering or a related field, such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, or chemical engineering. Ensure that the program is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
  • Gain Practical Experience: During your undergraduate studies, seek internships, co-op programs, or research opportunities in nuclear-related projects to gain hands-on experience in the field.
  • Graduate Studies (Optional): While not always required, pursuing a Master's or Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering can provide advanced knowledge and research opportunities in specialized areas of nuclear technology.
  • Obtain a Nuclear Engineering License: After completing your degree, you may choose to obtain a Professional Engineer (PE) license in nuclear engineering. This licensure is not always required, but it can enhance your professional qualifications and career prospects. To become a licensed PE, you generally need to pass the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam after completing your degree, gain relevant work experience, and then pass the Professional Engineering (PE) exam in nuclear engineering.
  • Networking and Professional Organizations: Join professional organizations such as the American Nuclear Society (ANS) to network with industry professionals, attend conferences, and access resources for professional development.
  • Security Clearance (If Applicable): Some positions in the nuclear industry may require security clearances due to the sensitive nature of the work. Be prepared for background checks and security screening if pursuing such roles.
  • Apply for Jobs: Begin your job search by applying to entry-level nuclear engineering positions or relevant roles in nuclear power plants, research institutions, consulting firms, or government agencies.
  • Continued Learning: Nuclear engineering is a rapidly evolving field, so staying updated with the latest advancements and technologies is essential for career growth. Participate in continuing education programs and attend industry workshops or seminars.
  • Professional Development: Engage in professional development activities to enhance your skills and knowledge, such as attending specialized training courses or pursuing certifications relevant to your area of interest.
  • Specialization and Career Growth: Over time, you can choose to specialize in specific areas of nuclear engineering, such as reactor design, radiation safety, nuclear fuel cycles, or waste management, based on your interests and career goals.

Professional Organizations:

  • American Nuclear Society (ANS): ANS is a leading professional organization for nuclear engineers and professionals in the nuclear science and technology fields. It offers networking opportunities, conferences, technical publications, and resources for career development.
  • National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE): NSPE is a multi-disciplinary organization that provides support and resources for licensed professional engineers, including nuclear engineers who have obtained their PE license.
  • North American Young Generation in Nuclear (NAYGN): NAYGN is a professional organization that supports young professionals and students interested in nuclear science and technology. It offers networking events, workshops, and opportunities for leadership development.
  • Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM): INMM focuses on nuclear materials management, safeguards, and security. It provides networking, education, and professional development opportunities for its members.
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): ASME is a broad engineering organization, and its Nuclear Engineering Division is dedicated to nuclear engineering research, education, and practice.


  • American Board of Radiology (ABR) - Board Certification in Medical Physics: For nuclear engineers interested in medical physics, the ABR offers board certification in this specialized area of nuclear applications in medicine.
  • American Board of Health Physics (ABHP) - Certification in Health Physics: The ABHP offers certification for health physicists, which can be relevant for nuclear engineers working in radiation safety and protection.
  • American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) - Level III Certification: ASNT offers various certifications in nondestructive testing, which can be beneficial for nuclear engineers involved in inspections and quality control.
  • Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification: While not specific to nuclear engineering, the PMP certification from the Project Management Institute (PMI) can be valuable for nuclear engineers in project management roles.
  • Institute of Hazardous Materials Management (IHMM) - Certified Hazardous Materials Manager (CHMM) Certification: The CHMM certification is relevant for nuclear engineers working in hazardous materials management and waste handling.