What is a Robotics Technology Degree?

A Robotics Technology degree is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines elements of computer science, engineering, mathematics, and sometimes other fields such as physics or biology. This degree program typically focuses on the design, construction, operation, and application of robots and robotic systems.

Students pursuing a degree in Robotics Technology can expect to learn about various aspects of robotics, including:

  • Mechanical Engineering: Understanding the design and construction of robotic systems, including components such as actuators, sensors, manipulators, and mobile platforms.
  • Electrical Engineering: Learning about electronics, circuits, and control systems essential for powering and controlling robotic devices.
  • Computer Science: Studying programming languages, algorithms, and software development to create the intelligence and autonomy required for robots to perform tasks.
  • Control Systems: Exploring theories and techniques for regulating and manipulating the behavior of robotic systems, ensuring they operate efficiently and safely.
  • Artificial Intelligence: Delving into machine learning, computer vision, and other AI techniques to enable robots to perceive and interact with their environment intelligently.
  • Human-Robot Interaction: Examining how humans and robots can collaborate effectively and safely, considering factors such as ergonomics, usability, and social interaction.
  • Applications and Ethics: Exploring real-world applications of robotics in fields such as manufacturing, healthcare, transportation, and exploration, as well as considering ethical implications and societal impacts.

Program Options

When considering program options for a degree in Robotics Technology, it’s essential to look for institutions that offer comprehensive and interdisciplinary curricula tailored to your career goals and interests. Here are some program options to consider:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Robotics Engineering: Many universities offer undergraduate programs specifically focused on robotics engineering. These programs typically provide a solid foundation in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and robotics-specific coursework. Look for programs accredited by ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) for quality assurance.
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering or Electrical Engineering with a Robotics Concentration: Some universities offer traditional engineering programs with concentrations or specializations in robotics. These programs allow students to gain a broad engineering education while focusing on robotics-related coursework in their chosen discipline.
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science with a Robotics Emphasis: For students more interested in the software and artificial intelligence aspects of robotics, a computer science degree with a focus on robotics can be a great option. These programs typically cover programming languages, algorithms, machine learning, and robotics-specific coursework.
  • Master’s Degree in Robotics: For those looking to deepen their knowledge and skills in robotics, pursuing a master’s degree can be advantageous. Master’s programs in robotics often offer specialized tracks or concentrations, such as autonomous systems, human-robot interaction, or medical robotics. These programs typically involve advanced coursework, research projects, and sometimes internships or industry collaborations.
  • Ph.D. in Robotics or Robotics-related Fields: For individuals interested in research and academia or seeking leadership roles in industry, a Ph.D. in robotics or a related field (such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, or artificial intelligence) can be a valuable option. Ph.D. programs involve in-depth research, dissertation work, and the opportunity to contribute to cutting-edge advancements in the field.

Skills You’ll Learn

A degree in Robotics Technology equips you with a diverse set of skills essential for designing, building, and operating robotic systems across various industries. Here are some of the key skills you can expect to learn:

  • Mechanical Design and Fabrication: You’ll develop proficiency in designing mechanical components and systems for robots, including knowledge of materials, manufacturing processes, and CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software.
  • Electronics and Electrical Systems: Understanding electrical circuits, sensors, actuators, and power systems is crucial for creating the electrical infrastructure of robotic devices.
  • Programming and Software Development: You’ll learn programming languages such as Python, C/C++, or MATLAB to develop software for controlling and coordinating robotic systems. This includes algorithms for navigation, perception, manipulation, and decision-making.
  • Control Systems: Knowledge of control theory and techniques enables you to design algorithms for regulating and stabilizing the behavior of robots, ensuring they respond accurately to commands and feedback.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Studying AI and ML algorithms allows you to imbue robots with intelligence, enabling them to learn from data, adapt to changing environments, and make autonomous decisions.
  • Robot Perception: Understanding computer vision, sensor fusion, and signal processing helps robots perceive and interpret their surroundings through cameras, lidar, radar, and other sensors.
  • Kinematics and Dynamics: Mastery of kinematic and dynamic principles is essential for analyzing the motion and behavior of robotic manipulators and mobile platforms.
  • Human-Robot Interaction: Learning about human factors, ergonomics, and user interface design enables you to create robots that interact safely and effectively with humans in various settings.
  • System Integration and Testing: You’ll gain experience in integrating hardware and software components into functional robotic systems and conducting thorough testing and validation to ensure reliability and performance.
  • Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Robotics projects often involve complex challenges that require creative problem-solving skills, analytical thinking, and the ability to troubleshoot and debug systems effectively.
  • Project Management and Collaboration: Working on robotics projects involves teamwork, communication, and project management skills to coordinate efforts, meet deadlines, and deliver successful outcomes.
  • Ethics and Professional Responsibility: Understanding the ethical implications of robotics technology and adhering to professional standards and best practices are essential aspects of a robotics education.

What Can You Do with a Robotics Technology Degree?

A Robotics Technology degree opens up a wide range of career opportunities in industries at the forefront of technological innovation. Here are some potential career paths you can pursue with a degree in Robotics Technology:

  • Robotics Engineer: As a robotics engineer, you can work on designing, building, and testing robotic systems for various applications. This may involve developing hardware components, writing software for control and perception, and integrating systems into functional robots.
  • Automation Engineer: Automation engineers focus on creating systems that automate processes in manufacturing, logistics, and other industries. With a background in robotics technology, you can design and implement robotic automation solutions to improve efficiency and productivity.
  • Software Developer: Robotics technology relies heavily on software for controlling robots, processing sensor data, and implementing algorithms for tasks such as navigation and manipulation. As a software developer specializing in robotics, you can work on creating and optimizing software for robotic systems.
  • Research Scientist: With a passion for innovation and discovery, you can pursue a career as a research scientist in robotics. This may involve conducting research in areas such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, computer vision, or human-robot interaction to advance the field of robotics.
  • Systems Integrator: Systems integrators are responsible for integrating various hardware and software components into cohesive robotic systems. In this role, you’ll work with interdisciplinary teams to ensure that all subsystems work together seamlessly to achieve the desired functionality.
  • Field Service Engineer: Field service engineers provide technical support, maintenance, and troubleshooting for robotic systems deployed in the field. This role requires a strong understanding of robotics technology and excellent problem-solving skills to address issues and keep systems operational.
  • Robotics Technician: Robotics technicians assist with the assembly, installation, and maintenance of robotic systems. They may perform tasks such as calibrating sensors, replacing components, and conducting routine inspections to ensure optimal performance.
  • Entrepreneur/Startup Founder: If you have an entrepreneurial spirit, you can leverage your expertise in robotics technology to start your own company. This could involve developing innovative robotic products or services, such as autonomous drones, robotic exoskeletons, or specialized automation solutions.
  • Academic or Industry Researcher: Pursuing a career in academia or industrial research allows you to explore cutting-edge topics in robotics and contribute to advancing the field through research projects, publications, and collaborations with other experts.
  • Consultant: Robotics technology consultants provide expertise and guidance to organizations seeking to implement robotic solutions. They may assess needs, recommend technologies, and assist with project planning and execution to help clients achieve their automation goals.


See which schools are the most and least expensive.

Read about Tuition