CareerExplorer’s step-by-step guide on how to become a dermatologist.

Step 1

Is becoming a dermatologist right for me?

Step One Photo

The first step to choosing a career is to make sure you are actually willing to commit to pursing the career. You don’t want to waste your time doing something you don’t want to do. If you’re new here, you should read about:

What do dermatologists do?
Career Satisfaction
Are dermatologists happy with their careers?
What are dermatologists like?

Still unsure if becoming a dermatologist is the right career path? to find out if this career is in your top matches. Perhaps you are well-suited to become a dermatologist or another similar career!

Described by our users as being “shockingly accurate”, you might discover careers you haven’t thought of before.

Step 2

Bachelor's Degree

Getting an undergraduate/bachelor's degree from a four-year university is the first step to becoming a dermatologist. This can include pre-med courses in biology, organic chemistry, physics, and general chemistry. Some students must also complete math and biochemistry coursework depending on the medical school they wish to attend.

Step 3

Medical School

After completing an undergraduate/bachelor's degree, aspiring dermatologists need to take and perform well on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). They must then attend a four-year accredited medical school. A high undergraduate GPA is essential, as admission to medical school is extremely competitive.

Step 4


Following medical school, aspiring dermatologists must complete a dermatology residency. A residency in dermatology involves one year as an intern in either general surgery or internal medicine, followed by three years of clinical residency in dermatology.

Step 5


After the completion of residency, many dermatologists choose to pursue further training in sub-specialized fields such as cosmetic surgery, laser medicine, dermatopathology, phototherapy, immunodermatology, or Moh's micrographic surgery. This is done through a one or two year fellowship.

Step 6


Dermatologists must obtain and keep a current license to practice. After successfully completing medical school and dermatology residency, they are eligible to sit for the Dermatology Board Examination (administered by the American Board of Dermatology (ABD)) and can finally be deemed “board-certified”. Dermatologists who have completed a fellowship and passed the general board examination can get further certification and take the appropriate Subspecialty Board Examination through the ABD. To maintain board certification, a dermatologist must re-take and pass the board examination every ten years, and complete continuing medical education (CME) requirements throughout his or her career.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to become a Dermatologist?

It can take up to 13 years to become a dermatologist. This includes time spent as an undergrad, in medical school, and in residency. Medical school programs take four years to complete and include courses such as cell biology, pathology, anatomy, physiology, genetics, immunology, and pharmacology. Students also learn how to examine, interview, diagnose, and build positive relationships with patients.

The National Resident Matching Program matches prospective dermatologists with a residency (which takes three years to complete). Residents learn how to diagnose conditions of the skin, hair, and nails and learn surgical techniques such as cryotherapy, biopsies, and excisions. Completing a fellowship after residency is available for those who want to pursue specific specialties such as immunodermatology, phototherapy, dermatopathology, cosmetic surgery, laser medicine, or Mohs surgery.

Are Dermatologists happy?

According to Medscape’s 2014 Physician Lifestyle Report (a survey of more than 31,000 U.S. physicians) dermatologists emerged as the specialists who are happiest both at home and at work. At 53 percent, dermatologists topped the list by a considerable margin in reporting a high level of happiness at work.

Dermatology is a very good specialty to get into for a lot of reasons. The work schedule is very 'normal' compared to other medical careers (typically 8:30am to 5:00pm Monday through Friday), the salary is excellent, the patients generally aren't in an emergency situation like they are in oncology or medicine, and people are usually happy because they end up looking better and feeling better.

Should I become a Dermatologist?

When you enter into the field of dermatology you can expect to reap rewards such as an extremely good paycheque and a work schedule that doesn't have you tied to a desk for hours on end. However, obtaining a medical degree in dermatology is a very long process and extremely competitive.

If you think you'd love to learn about the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair and nails and would enjoy helping people regain their self-esteem, then dermatology may be a good career to consider. As with any profession, it’s important to know what you’re getting yourself into before you decide to commit to it.


  • In demand career
  • Exceptional work schedule compared to other medical careers
  • Salary between $200,000-$500,000 per year
  • Variety (dermatologists are trained in surgical & non-surgical procedures)
  • Innovative and ever-changing treatments
  • Great career for those who are friendly and have a good bedside manner
  • Good for individuals that have compassion
  • Flexibility of practice offers balance between career and personal life
  • Income opportunities available outside of typical patient care
  • Being able to have significant impact on psychological well-being of patients
  • Most cases are not emergencies or time sensitive (like other medical careers)


  • Length of study ranges from 10-15 years
  • Cost of undergraduate and medical school can range from $225,000 to $525,000
  • Difficult/competitive to match with a dermatology residency program
  • Gruelling schedule through medical school and residency
  • Pressure to have perfect skin throughout the career
  • People asking to have their skin problems looked at outside of work
  • Dermatology viewed as a “lighter” specialty in the physician community
  • Sometimes the bearer of bad news

Bachelor's Degree

How to become a Dermatologist

Skin conditions are often associated with internal conditions and other external factors. Therefore, dermatologists should be knowledgeable in fields such as genetics, oncology, mycology, immunology, histology, bacteriology and others.

Dermatologists must train as a general doctor before undertaking postgraduate education in dermatology, and also do an internship and a residency program. Training positions are generally based in university teaching hospitals with periods at a general hospital. The competition for residency programs is very competitive. In the United States, completing a residency program qualifies a person as a Fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology, and in order to become a Board Certified Dermatologist, an extensive examination must be completed.