CareerExplorer’s step-by-step guide on how to become a dermatologist.

Step 1

Is becoming a dermatologist right for me?

The first step to choosing a career is to make sure you are actually willing to commit to pursuing the career. You don’t want to waste your time doing something you don’t want to do. If you’re new here, you should read about:

What do dermatologists do?
Career Satisfaction
Are dermatologists happy with their careers?
What are dermatologists like?

Still unsure if becoming a dermatologist is the right career path? to find out if this career is right for you. Perhaps you are well-suited to become a dermatologist or another similar career!

Described by our users as being “shockingly accurate”, you might discover careers you haven’t thought of before.

Step 2

High School

If you are interested in becoming a dermatologist, it's a good idea to start preparing in high school by taking relevant courses that will help you build a strong foundation in science and other relevant subjects. Here are some high school courses that may be beneficial for aspiring dermatologists:

  • Biology: Biology is a foundational subject for anyone interested in pursuing a career in healthcare. It covers topics such as genetics, cellular biology, and physiology, all of which are relevant to dermatology.
  • Chemistry: Chemistry is another important subject for aspiring dermatologists, as it provides a foundation in organic and inorganic chemistry, which is relevant to understanding how drugs and other treatments work on the body.
  • Physics: Physics can be helpful for dermatologists who use certain medical equipment or perform certain procedures that involve physics concepts, such as lasers.
  • Math: Dermatology involves a significant amount of data analysis and mathematical reasoning, so it's important to have a strong foundation in math. Courses in algebra, geometry, and statistics can be especially helpful.
  • English and Communications: While not directly related to dermatology, courses in English and communications can help you develop strong communication skills, which are essential for building relationships with patients and collaborating with other healthcare professionals.

Overall, taking these courses can help you build a strong foundation in science and prepare you for the rigors of medical school and dermatology residency. Additionally, it's a good idea to pursue extracurricular activities, such as volunteering at a hospital or shadowing a dermatologist, to gain firsthand experience in the field.

Step 3

Formal Education Steps

Becoming a dermatologist requires a significant amount of education and training, which typically includes the following steps:

  • Bachelor's Degree: The first step to becoming a dermatologist is to earn a four-year bachelor's degree in a relevant field such as biology, pre-med, or a related field.
  • Pass the MCAT: The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) is a standardized exam required for admission to most medical schools in the United States. It tests students' knowledge and skills in areas such as biology, chemistry, physics, and critical thinking.
  • Medical School: After passing the MCAT, aspiring dermatologists must attend medical school, which typically takes four years. During medical school, students take courses in basic sciences such as anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, and physiology, as well as clinical rotations in various specialties.
  • Internship: After graduating from medical school, aspiring dermatologists must complete a one-year internship in a hospital or other clinical setting. The internship provides practical experience in patient care and prepares students for their residency.
  • Dermatology Residency: After completing their internship, students must complete a three-year dermatology residency. During the residency, students work under the supervision of experienced dermatologists and gain hands-on experience diagnosing and treating a wide range of skin conditions. They also participate in research projects, attend conferences, and complete coursework related to dermatology.
  • Optional Fellowship: Some dermatologists choose to complete an additional fellowship after their residency. This provides further specialized training in a particular area of dermatology.
  • Licensing and Certification: After completing their education and training, dermatologists must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and obtain a state medical license. Some dermatologists also choose to obtain certification from the American Board of Dermatology (ABD).
Step 4


Some dermatologists may choose to pursue additional specialized training in a specific area of dermatology. Here are some examples of specialized training programs for dermatologists:

  • Mohs Surgery Fellowship: Mohs surgery is a specialized technique for removing skin cancer. Dermatologists can complete a one or two-year fellowship in Mohs surgery to gain advanced training in this technique.
  • Pediatric Dermatology Fellowship: Dermatologists who are interested in working with children can complete a one or two-year fellowship in pediatric dermatology. This fellowship provides specialized training in the unique skin conditions and treatments that affect children.
  • Dermatopathology Fellowship: Dermatopathology is a subspecialty of dermatology that involves examining skin samples under a microscope to diagnose skin diseases. Dermatologists can complete a one or two-year fellowship in dermatopathology to gain advanced training in this technique.
  • Cosmetic Dermatology Fellowship: Dermatologists who are interested in performing cosmetic procedures such as Botox injections or laser treatments can complete a one-year fellowship in cosmetic dermatology. This fellowship provides specialized training in these procedures.
Step 5

Licensure and Board Certification

To become licensed, dermatologists must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) or the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA). These exams assess a doctor's knowledge and ability to diagnose and treat patients.

In addition to passing the exams, dermatologists must also meet other requirements set by their state's medical board, such as completing a certain number of continuing education credits or completing a criminal background check.

Board Certification
Board certification for dermatologists is a voluntary process that involves an additional level of testing and assessment beyond medical licensure. The certification is offered by the American Board of Dermatology (ABD) and signifies that the dermatologist has met certain standards of knowledge and competency in their field.

The exam is a comprehensive, one-day test that covers various aspects of dermatology, including medical, surgical, and cosmetic dermatology. After passing the exam, dermatologists become board-certified in dermatology and are recognized as experts in their field.

To maintain their certification, dermatologists must participate in ongoing continuing education and periodically complete recertification exams or other assessments. This ensures that they stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in their field and maintain their competency as dermatologists.