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Mental and Social Health Services is a degree category that consists of the following common degrees:

  • Marriage and Family Therapy

    Satisfaction:

    N/A

    Avg Grad Salary:

    $39k

    Marriage and Family Therapy

    Marriage and family therapy (MFT) – also called couples and family therapy (CFT) – focuses on the behaviors of family members and their relationships with one another. The foundation or unit of treatment in MFT is never just the person, even if only a single person is in treatment. It is the context of the person’s life, the set of relationships in which the person is embedded.

    Marriage and family therapists are mental health professionals who apply their training in psychotherapy, family systems, and relationships to help people with mental and emotional issues. These include depression, marital conflict, sexual difficulties and concerns, anxiety, chemical dependency, child-parent problems, eating disorders, obesity, dementia, and unmanageable anger, hostility, or violence. MFT students study the causes and treatments of these disorders and problems and learn to take a holistic approach to the healthcare of individuals suffering from them.

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  • Substance Abuse Counseling

    Satisfaction:

    N/A

    Avg Grad Salary:

    $44k

    Substance Abuse Counseling

    Substance abuse counselors, or [social workers] (/careers/substance-abuse-social-worker/), are mental health professionals who help people suffering from drug or alcohol addiction. Degree programs in the field provide students with the knowledge and skills they need to undertake this work.

    The curriculum covers the nature and causes of alcohol and drug dependencies, the psychobiology of addiction, abuse prevention, interview and intervention techniques for different client groups, relapse triggers, and relapse avoidance.

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  • Community Health

    Satisfaction:

    N/A

    Avg Grad Salary:

    $47k

    Community Health

    Perhaps the best way to answer this question is to ask and answer another question. What is the difference between public health and community health? Public health is concerned with the scientific process of preventing infectious diseases. Community health focuses on the contributors to a population’s or a community’s physical and mental health.

    Community health workers have different roles depending on where they work and the specific populations they serve. Their responsibilities may include:

    • helping people access resources such as health insurance, food, housing, quality care, health information, and education and employment supports
    • helping people understand their health conditions and develop strategies to improve their health and wellbeing
    • providing informal counseling, support, and follow-up
    • advocating for local health needs
    • mediating between families and services such as child welfare or disability services
    • providing health services such as monitoring blood pressure and providing first aid
    • making home visits to chronically ill patients, pregnant women and nursing mothers, individuals at high risk of health problems, and the elderly
    • translating and interpreting for clients and healthcare and social service providers

    In short, community health workers create bridges between socially and economically marginalized populations and mainstream health and social services. Degree programs in the field teach students how to plan, deliver, and oversee these services in community settings.

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  • Mental Health Counseling

    Satisfaction:

    N/A

    Avg Grad Salary:

    $43k

    Mental Health Counseling

    Mental health disorders account for several of the top causes of disability in established market economies, and include major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. One in four American adults suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

    Many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at a given time. Approximately 9.5% of American adults aged 18 and over will suffer from a depressive illness each year. Most people who commit suicide have a diagnosable mental disorder. These statistics speak to the vital role that mental health counseling plays in society.

    Degree programs in the field teach students to take a holistic approach to helping people deal with issues that impact their mental health and overall well-being. They prepare them to be mental health counselors committed to treating the whole person, to connecting the biological, psychological, spiritual, and socio-cultural dimensions of human behavior.

    Learning outcomes include knowledge and skills in ethical practice, social and cultural diversity, human growth and development, career development, helping relationships, group counseling, assessment, research and program evaluation, diagnosis, and crisis intervention and trauma.

    Mental health affects how we think, how we feel, and how we act. It influences how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices at every stage of our lives, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Mental health counseling can be the life raft that helps us stay afloat in a demanding and often chaotic world.

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  • Psychoanalysis

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    Avg Grad Salary:

    N/A

    Psychoanalysis

    Sigmund Freud was the original psychoanalyst. He observed that traditional methods of psychotherapy – listening and talking – were often just a temporary fix for some patients and that they reverted to their starting point or developed another problem. Based on this finding, Freud discovered the human psyche’s unconscious resistance to change and offered a way to address the unconscious factors which support a person’s tendency to stay stuck in their difficulties. He called it analysis of resistances.

    Psychoanalysis aims to bring the content of the unconscious into conscious awareness. Its basic tenets are that behavior is influenced by unconscious drives, that emotional and psychological problems are often rooted in conflicts between the conscious and unconscious mind, that personality development is heavily influenced by events that occur by the age of five, and that people use defense mechanisms to protect themselves from information contained in the unconscious.

    Training programs in psychoanalysis start with the assumption that three functions exist within every personality – the id, ego, and superego. The id or unconscious energy is the primitive and instinctual part of the mind that contains sexual and aggressive drives and hidden memories. The ego or conscious mind is the realistic part that mediates between the desires of the id and the external reality or moral conscience of the super ego. Students of psychoanalysis learn how to help alleviate the tensions that exist between the id, ego, and superego. They study and practise strategies in psychoanalysis therapy, such as dream analysis and free association, in which a therapist asks a person to freely share thoughts, words, and anything else that comes to mind.

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  • Psychotherapy

    Satisfaction:

    N/A

    Avg Grad Salary:

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    Psychotherapy

    Psychotherapy is based on the teachings of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud, who believed that the subconscious was responsible for much of human behavior. At its most basic level, psychotherapy is the practice of helping people access the subconscious to deal with emotional, mental, and social conditions. It is essentially ‘talk therapy’ or dialogue between patient and therapist. Psychotherapists help clients think differently about past traumas, calm destructive thoughts, manage stress, deal with addiction, cope with betrayal or grief, and define wellness goals.

    Students of psychotherapy explore the concepts of psychology, learn how our physiology influences our thoughts and behaviors, learn how to diagnose and treat psychological disorders and manage the therapist-patient relationship, develop skills in research and psychological study design, and learn how to practice psychotherapy in an ethical and professional manner.

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