Career Attributes

  • $49,671
  • 160,300
  • 3.4
  • 26.3%
  • Certificate or Associate's degree
  • Cosmetology
More Attributes


To practise in the field, massage therapists need to complete a massage therapy education program after graduation from high school. Certificate programs and degree programs at the Associate’s and Bachelor’s level include classroom and hands-on clinical training in anatomy, physiology, kinesiology fundamentals, pathology, and professional ethics. Prospective massage therapists who seek to be self-employed often choose a curriculum that includes coursework in business, finance, marketing, and management. To ensure that their education meets the accepted level of quality training, students in the U.S. should seek out schools that are accredited by the United States Department of Education (USDE).

Following graduation from an accredited massage therapy program, students must earn a passing score on a national examination and apply for state licensure. Regulations vary from state to state. In general, however, to retain their license, massage therapists need to meet continuing education requirements.

Optional voluntary certifications are also available to massage therapy practitioners. These include sports massage, spa management, clinical rehabilitative massage, and palliative care.

How long does it take to become a Massage Therapist?

In the U.S, legal minimum hours for obtaining a massage therapy license differ from state to state and range from 330 to 1,000 hours. Because the structure of education programs varies, students can fulfill requirements and obtain their license in a matter of weeks or may need up to two years to do so.

Steps to becoming a Massage Therapist

The road to becoming a massage therapist includes formal training, a licensure process, optional certifications, and a commitment to career-long continuing education.

1 High School

Admission to massage therapy training programs generally requires a high school diploma or GED. Prospective therapists can prepare for the career in high school by focusing on classes in biology, anatomy, physiology, and business.

2 Postsecondary certificate or degree

Formal massage therapy education is a prerequisite for licensure in most U.S. states. Training programs are offered by both public and private career colleges, as well as massage therapy schools. Most certificate programs take 500 to 1,000 hours to complete, depending on state requirements. Some schools offer two-year Associate of Science degrees in the field.

The National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) and the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) both endorse education programs that meet basic curriculum and hours requirements. COMTA also offers more rigorous voluntary accreditation to schools that meet high quality standards.

Generally, massage therapy curricula include classes in:
• anatomy and physiology: function and structure of the body, progressing from the cellular to system level
• kinesiology: structure and function of the body’s muscles
• theory of massage
• health values of massage
• hygiene
• pathology: how to safely massage clients with a variety of health issues; massage techniques that promote healing and function
• hands-on training: opportunities to perform massages under the supervision of a licensed therapist
• professional ethics
contraindications and limitations
• business and license procedure
• practice management: how to run a massage therapy practice, from business planning to managing staff
• self-care: how to stay healthy despite the physical demands of working as a massage therapist

3 Licensure

After successfully completing a massage therapy training program, aspiring therapists are required to pass a licensing exam. In some cases, massage school graduates take a specialized state-specific exam. Most states, however, mandate completion of the Massage and Bodywork Licensing Exam (MBLEx). The MBLEx, which is administered by the Federation of State Massage Therapy Boards (FSMTB), is a 100-question test that must be completed in just under two hours. Areas that are covered on the exam include ethics, client assessments, kinesiology, and the physiological effects of massage.

For each U.S. state’s examination and licensing requirements, click here.

4 Certifications / Specializations (optional)

The National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) offers a voluntary board certification credential for therapists who demonstrate a commitment to continuing education, practice excellence, and ethics. To become board certified, candidates must document 750 hours of formal training and 250 hours of work experience; pass an exam and a background check; and sign an ethics agreement.

NCBTMB also offers the following specialty certifications, which can be earned by completing an online exam and passing an exam:
• Massage therapy for integrative healthcare
• Sports massage
• Clinical rehabilitative massage
• Military veteran massage

These certifications last for a period of two years. To maintain the credential, NCB therapists must engage in 24 hours of continuing education every two years.

There are also organizations that offer advanced certifications in the field. Typical requirements include completion of a training course and passing of an exam.

Liddle Kidz Foundation specializes in therapeutic massage for babies, children, and teenagers. The Foundation offers these credentials and targeted training:
• Certified Pediatric Massage Therapist
• Certified Infant Massage Teacher
• Hospital-based massage therapy
• Touch therapy for children with a variety of conditions, including autism, trauma, and cancer

The Rolf Institute on Structural Integration uses deep tissue massage to release tension and realign the body. The Institute provides training in:
• Basic rolfing structural integration
• Rolf movement
• Advanced rolfing

The Rosen Institute promotes wellness through a combination of movement and bodywork. Its credentials include:
• Rosen Method Bodyworker
• Rosen Method Movement Teacher

The Compassionate Touch Certified Practitioner credential is often pursued by massage therapists who work with the elderly or in hospice or palliative care settings.

5 Consider starting an independent practice

In the past, the vast majority of massage therapists worked for themselves. Now there are several salaried jobs at massage treatment centers, spas, hotels, and other establishments. Still, many therapists opt to run an independent business. The process is similar to that required for other kinds of small businesses:

• Pick a business name and get it registered
• File incorporation documents with the state
• Apply for an Employer Identification Number with the IRS
• Get a small business loan to help launch your business
• Get liability / malpractice insurance
• Purchase required equipment
• Market your services

6 Continuing Education

To keep their license and certifications valid, professional massage therapists must meet continuing education requirements determined by state boards and certifying bodies.

The American Massage Therapy Association (AMTA) is one of the industry’s primary sources of continuing education classes.

Should I become a Massage Therapist?

Before committing to the profession, aspiring massage therapists should consider the skills and qualities it demands.

Comfort with frequent physical contact
Massage therapy is a hands-on profession. Practitioners cannot be squeamish about physical contact.

Physical health, strength, and attention to maintaining a reasonable work schedule
The work of massage therapists requires strength, dexterity, and the ability to stand for up to 90 minutes at a time. In health care settings, they may need to adjust their techniques around beds and medical equipment. Therapists who overwork their body risk tendonitis in the wrists, elbows, and shoulders; carpal tunnel in the wrists; tennis elbow; and trigger finger/thumb. Reputable schools suggest a 4-to-6-hour work day with breaks of at least 10 minutes between massages.

Mental and emotional health
Massage therapists have to build rapport and trust with their clients, while still maintaining appropriate boundaries.

Interpersonal skills
To understand their clients’ conditions, objectives, and preferences; and to develop a loyal client base, it is imperative that massage therapists be effective listeners and communicators.

Decision-making abilities
A significant part of the massage therapist’s job is evaluating clients’ needs and formulating appropriate treatment plans.

Business skills
Marketing, accounting, and other business acumens are especially important for the many massage therapists who are self-employed.

What are Massage Therapists like?


Based on our pool of users, massage therapists tend to be predominately investigative people. This finding is consistent with the demands of the work, as an investigative mindset is vital to succeed in the massage therapy field. It ensures that clients receive correct treatment based on careful observation and thorough assessment and evaluation.

Massage Therapists by Strongest Interest Archetype

Based on sample of 1917 CareerExplorer users

Are Massage Therapists happy?


Massage Therapists rank highly among careers. Overall they rank in the 66th percentile of careers for satisfaction scores.

Massage Therapist Career Satisfaction by Dimension

Percentile among all careers

Education History of Massage Therapists

The most common degree held by Massage Therapists is Psychology. 10% of Massage Therapists had a degree in Psychology before becoming Massage Therapists. That is over 1 times the average across all careers. Liberal Arts graduates are the second most common among Massage Therapists, representing 7% of Massage Therapists in the CareerExplorer user base, which is 3.6 times the average.

Massage Therapist Education History

This table shows which degrees people earn before becoming a Massage Therapist, compared to how often those degrees are obtained by people who earn at least one post secondary degree.

Degree % of Massage Therapists % of population Multiple
Psychology 9.9% 7.0% 1.4×
Liberal Arts 7.0% 1.9% 3.6×
Business Management And Administration 6.1% 6.5% 0.9×
English Literature 5.8% 4.9% 1.2×
Cosmetology 5.8% 1.0% 5.7×
Fine Arts 4.9% 2.2% 2.3×
Drama 4.1% 1.1% 3.9×
Biology 4.1% 3.6% 1.1×
Miscellaneous Health Medical Professions 3.2% 0.2% 14.3×
Anthropology And Archeology 2.9% 1.3% 2.3×
Human Resources 2.3% 1.0% 2.3×
Philosophy And Religious Studies 2.3% 1.6% 1.5×
History 2.0% 2.3% 0.9×
Graphic Design 2.0% 1.4% 1.5×
Communications 1.7% 3.4% 0.5×
Mathematics 1.7% 1.9% 0.9×
Special Needs Education 1.7% 0.3% 6.2×
Social Sciences 1.7% 0.5% 3.5×
Business 1.5% 2.6% 0.6×
Nutrition Sciences 1.5% 0.3% 5.4×
Community And Public Health 1.5% 0.8% 1.7×
Criminal Justice 1.5% 1.4% 1.0×
Geography 1.5% 0.6% 2.4×
Sociology 1.5% 2.1% 0.7×
Interior Design 1.5% 0.5% 3.2×
Studio Arts 1.2% 0.5% 2.2×
Marketing And Marketing Research 1.2% 2.2% 0.5×
Mass Media 1.2% 0.5% 2.2×
Advertising 1.2% 0.6% 1.9×
Treatment Therapy 1.2% 0.0% 45.9×
Linguistics 1.2% 0.8% 1.4×
Counseling Psychology 1.2% 0.4% 3.2×
Social Work 1.2% 0.5% 2.2×
Political Science 1.2% 2.9% 0.4×
Web Design 1.2% 0.4% 3.1×
Culinary Arts 1.2% 0.5% 2.4×
Music Production 1.2% 0.2% 6.2×

Massage Therapist Education Levels

73% of Massage Therapists have an associate's degree. 20% of Massage Therapists have a high school diploma.

No education 3%
High school diploma 20%
Associate's degree 73%
Bachelor's degree 3%
Master's degree 0%
Doctorate degree 0%

How to Become a Massage Therapist

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Career Attributes

  • $49,671
  • 160,300
  • 3.4
  • 26.3%
  • Certificate or Associate's degree
  • Cosmetology
More Attributes