What is an Electrician?

An electrician specializes in the installation, repair, and maintenance of electrical systems. These systems can range from residential homes to commercial buildings, industrial facilities, and even outdoor spaces. Electricians are trained to handle various components of electrical systems, such as wiring, circuits, outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures.

The primary responsibility of an electrician is to ensure the safe and efficient functioning of electrical systems. They use their expertise to interpret blueprints, diagrams, and technical specifications to plan and execute electrical installations. Electricians are knowledgeable about local building codes and safety regulations, and they adhere to these standards to prevent hazards and accidents. They have a thorough understanding of electrical principles, circuitry, and voltage requirements, enabling them to troubleshoot and diagnose electrical problems accurately. Whether it's installing new wiring, repairing faulty connections, or upgrading electrical panels, electricians play a crucial role in ensuring that buildings have reliable and properly functioning electrical systems.

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What does an Electrician do?

An electrician troubleshooting an electrical wiring system.

Electricians are responsible for maintaining the electrical infrastructure that powers our homes, offices, schools, hospitals, and industries. Without electricians, we would be unable to enjoy the conveniences and necessities of modern life, such as lighting, heating, air conditioning, refrigeration, communication systems, and countless other electrical devices.

Duties and Responsibilities
The duties and responsibilities of electricians encompass a wide range of tasks related to the installation, maintenance, and repair of electrical systems. Here is a detailed breakdown of their key responsibilities:

  • Electrical Installations: Electricians are responsible for installing electrical systems in new construction projects or during renovations. They read and interpret blueprints, technical diagrams, and electrical codes to determine the layout and placement of wiring, outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures. They handle tasks such as running wires, connecting circuits, and ensuring proper grounding to establish a functional and safe electrical infrastructure.
  • Electrical Repairs: When electrical systems malfunction or components fail, electricians are called upon to diagnose and repair the issue. They use specialized tools and testing equipment to identify faulty wiring, damaged circuits, or malfunctioning electrical devices. Electricians may replace damaged components, rewire circuits, or repair electrical fixtures to restore the proper functioning of the system.
  • Maintenance and Upgrades: Electricians conduct routine maintenance checks on electrical systems to identify potential problems and prevent future issues. They inspect electrical equipment, such as circuit breakers, panels, and transformers, to ensure they are in good working condition. Electricians also perform upgrades and modifications to electrical systems to accommodate changing needs, such as installing additional outlets, upgrading electrical panels, or incorporating energy-efficient lighting solutions.
  • Compliance with Electrical Codes and Safety Standards: Electricians adhere to local and national electrical codes and safety regulations to ensure that electrical systems meet the required standards. They are knowledgeable about safety protocols and take precautions to prevent electrical shocks, fires, and other hazards. Electricians are responsible for grounding systems, installing protective devices like circuit breakers and surge protectors, and ensuring proper insulation and wiring practices.
  • Troubleshooting and Problem-Solving: Electricians possess a strong understanding of electrical systems and are skilled at troubleshooting electrical issues. They use their knowledge of electrical principles and circuitry to identify the root cause of problems and develop effective solutions. Electricians may use diagnostic tools and equipment to test electrical components, measure voltage levels, and trace electrical pathways to pinpoint the source of the issue.
  • Collaboration and Communication: Electricians often work in collaboration with other professionals, such as architects, engineers, contractors, and building inspectors. They communicate effectively to understand project requirements, provide input on electrical system designs, and ensure that installations meet specifications. Electricians may also interact with clients or end-users, offering guidance on electrical usage, safety precautions, and energy-saving practices.

Types of Electricians
There are several specialized types of electricians, each with its own area of expertise and specific job responsibilities. Here are some of the main types of electricians and a brief description of what they do:

  • Residential Electricians: Residential electricians specialize in electrical work related to homes, apartments, and other residential properties. They handle tasks such as installing wiring, outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures in residential buildings. They may also work on home renovation projects, perform electrical repairs, and ensure compliance with residential electrical codes.
  • Commercial Electricians: Commercial electricians focus on electrical systems in commercial buildings such as offices, retail stores, restaurants, and schools. They are experienced in handling larger-scale electrical installations, such as complex wiring systems, electrical panels, and commercial lighting. They may also work on troubleshooting electrical issues, performing maintenance, and ensuring compliance with commercial electrical codes and regulations.
  • Industrial Electricians: Industrial electricians specialize in electrical systems found in industrial settings, such as factories, manufacturing plants, and warehouses. They work with high-voltage electrical equipment, machinery, and control systems. Industrial electricians are knowledgeable about industrial electrical components, motor controls, transformers, and programmable logic controllers (PLCs). They are responsible for installing, repairing, and maintaining electrical systems to ensure smooth operations in industrial environments.
  • Marine Electricians: Marine electricians are specialized electricians who focus on electrical systems and equipment in marine vessels, such as ships, boats, and yachts. They are responsible for installing, maintaining, and repairing electrical systems, including wiring, lighting, navigation systems, communication equipment, and power distribution systems, specifically designed for marine environments.
  • Maintenance Electricians: Maintenance electricians are responsible for the ongoing maintenance and repair of electrical systems in various settings, including residential, commercial, or industrial. They perform regular inspections, identify and fix electrical problems, and ensure that electrical equipment is operating efficiently. Maintenance electricians play a crucial role in preventing breakdowns, optimizing system performance, and minimizing downtime.
  • Journeyman Electricians: Journeyman electricians have completed their apprenticeship training and acquired the necessary licenses and certifications. They have extensive knowledge and experience in various electrical tasks. Journeyman electricians can perform a wide range of electrical work, including installations, repairs, troubleshooting, and maintenance, with a high level of skill and autonomy.
  • Master Electricians: Master electricians have advanced knowledge and experience in electrical systems and have typically obtained additional certifications and licenses. They often oversee and manage electrical projects, ensuring compliance with electrical codes and regulations. Master electricians may design electrical systems, provide guidance and mentorship to other electricians, and handle complex electrical installations or repairs.

Are you suited to be an electrician?

Electricians have distinct personalities. They tend to be realistic individuals, which means they’re independent, stable, persistent, genuine, practical, and thrifty. They like tasks that are tactile, physical, athletic, or mechanical. Some of them are also investigative, meaning they’re intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive.

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What is the workplace of an Electrician like?

The workplace of an electrician can vary depending on the type of electrical work they specialize in. Residential electricians often work in homes, apartments, or housing complexes, where they may be involved in new construction projects or renovations. They can be found working in various areas of the building, such as basements, attics, or electrical utility rooms, where they install wiring, outlets, switches, and lighting fixtures. Residential electricians may also spend time outdoors, working on electrical connections for outdoor lighting or power sources.

Commercial electricians typically work in commercial buildings, such as offices, retail spaces, restaurants, or schools. They may collaborate with other professionals, such as architects, engineers, or contractors, to design and implement electrical systems that meet the specific needs of the building. Commercial electricians can be found working in different areas of the building, including utility rooms, mechanical rooms, or above ceilings, where they handle complex wiring systems, electrical panels, and other electrical components.

Industrial electricians work in industrial settings like factories, manufacturing plants, or warehouses. Their workplace can involve large machinery, heavy equipment, and high-voltage electrical systems. They may spend their time in industrial production areas, equipment rooms, or control rooms, where they install, maintain, and repair electrical systems associated with industrial processes. Industrial electricians often work in collaboration with maintenance personnel and engineers to ensure the uninterrupted operation of electrical equipment and systems.

Regardless of the specific type of electrician, their work environment can involve both indoor and outdoor settings. They may work in confined spaces, on ladders, or in elevated areas, depending on the task at hand. Electricians frequently handle tools, testing equipment, and electrical components, emphasizing the importance of adhering to safety practices and wearing appropriate protective gear. Additionally, electricians may work independently or as part of a team, depending on the size and complexity of the project.

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Pros and Cons of Being an Electrician

Becoming an electrician can offer a rewarding and fulfilling career path for those interested in working with electrical systems and contributing to the functioning of various industries. However, like any profession, there are pros and cons to consider.


One of the significant advantages of being an electrician is the potential for stable employment and job security. The demand for skilled electricians remains consistently high, as electrical systems are integral to numerous sectors such as construction, manufacturing, and maintenance. Electricians often benefit from a steady stream of job opportunities, whether it be in residential, commercial, or industrial settings. This stability can provide a sense of security and financial well-being.

Another pro of being an electrician is the opportunity for career advancement and professional growth. Electricians typically start as apprentices and progress through various levels, gaining experience and expertise along the way. With continued learning and certification, electricians can become journeyman electricians or master electricians, which opens doors to higher-paying positions and the possibility of running their own electrical contracting businesses. The constant advancement of electrical technology also ensures ongoing learning and skill development, making the profession intellectually stimulating.


There are some drawbacks to consider. One challenge of being an electrician is the physically demanding nature of the work. Electricians often spend long hours on their feet, maneuvering in confined spaces, and working in challenging environments. The job may require lifting heavy equipment, bending, kneeling, and climbing ladders. Additionally, working with electrical systems carries inherent risks, and electricians must strictly adhere to safety protocols to prevent accidents, electrical shocks, or other hazards.

Another potential downside is the irregular work schedule that electricians may face. Emergencies and urgent repairs can arise at any time, requiring electricians to be available for on-call or shift work, including nights, weekends, and holidays. This aspect can disrupt personal and family life and may require flexibility and adaptability to meet the demands of the job.