What is a Dog Breeder?

Do you love dogs? Are you especially fond of a particular breed? You may want to consider becoming a dog breeder!

When dogs reproduce without human intervention, the puppies' characteristics are determined by natural selection. A dog breeder intentionally mates dogs in order to produce desired traits, characteristics, or phenotypes.

What does a Dog Breeder do?

Dog breeding refers to the artificial selection of dogs, and dog breeders have been doing this for centuries.

Four purebred bulldog puppies playing.

Dog breeding starts well before any puppies are born. The breeder must make sure that the female and male are in pristine health and condition for breeding. This involves several kinds of testing: 

Conformation testing ensures that the dogs meet the physical requirements for the breed. This includes structure and appearance as defined by the dog’s breed.

Temperament testing measures how well a dog is able to interact with humans and their environment.

Health testing looks for any disorders or diseases that could affect the integrity of the breed. Any malformation would disqualify a dog from being used for breeding purposes. 

Genetic testing ensures that a dog is pure-bred.

Once a litter is born, the breeder makes sure the puppies are clean and healthy. This includes washing them, keeping their nesting box clean, and checking them for any diseases or health problems.

Breeders need to make sure that the puppies are getting the proper nutrition and are protected from the elements. Their whelping box is designed to protect them in their early life from drafts or from being accidentally crushed by their mother.

Dog breeders also incur a lot of expenses through veterinary checks, shots, and any other health care expenses that come up. They need to keep meticulous records of the dog's height, weight, and the development in their bodies. This information is used within an organization (eg. The American Kennel Club) to keep track of all pure-bred dogs.

A difficult and important aspect of breeding is making sure the puppies go to owners who will provide loving and permanent homes. Responsible breeders also know the right questions to ask prospective owners in order to get a feel for the type of home they'll provide. This ensures that the puppies go into homes where they will be treated as a member of the family.

Are you suited to be a dog breeder?

Dog breeders have distinct personalities. They tend to be artistic individuals, which means they’re creative, intuitive, sensitive, articulate, and expressive. They are unstructured, original, nonconforming, and innovative. Some of them are also investigative, meaning they’re intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive.

Does this sound like you? Take our free career test to find out if dog breeder is one of your top career matches.

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What is the workplace of a Dog Breeder like?

A dog breeder makes sure their dogs are well fed, rested, cared for, active, and socialized.

Dog breeders typically work out of their homes so they can monitor the dogs. With experience, a dog breeder will be able to command top prices for premium dogs.

Dog Breeders are also known as:
Registered Dog Breeder